Al-Jawhara Centre (AJC) was established in 2003 by the College of Medicine and Medical Sciences at Arabian Gulf University, and through a donation by H.H. Princess Al-Jawhara Bint Ibrahim Al Ibrahim.

AJC aims to provide the GCC with advanced molecular medicine services, including research and development, academic training, molecular diagnostics of genetic disorders, as well as an integrated medically-assisted conception programme including risk analysis, pre-natal genetic services, and counselling services for at-risk parents.

Funding from the Princess Al-Jawhara Foundation has been used to build a three storey/12,000 square meters building nearby Arabian Gulf University (AGU) campus and Al Salmaniya Hospital. The ground floor (4,000 square meters) of the facility is fully equipped, and the remaining two upper floors and adjacent land shall welcome the nucleus of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Medical City.

It is the first Centre in the Arab world that adopts Molecular Medicine as Academic Department that is involved in teaching basic concepts of Molecular Medicine to medical students and conducts a Ph.D. programme in Molecular Medicine.

Molecular Medicine is the newest branch of medicine with a high degree of specialization; it has recently been introduced in medical schools in developed countries, as well as where departments, centres, organizations, and periodicals have been established. Increasingly, medical practitioners, professionals, and researchers in the health and life sciences need to understand and evaluate advances in Molecular Medicine in order to keep abreast with developments in their fields. In consequence, Molecular Medicine is now taught to medical students in the stages of their university studies and graduate studies.

Molecular Medicine focuses on molecular understanding of the main functions of the body which are directly related to basic mechanisms of disease. It deals with changes of the molecular structure of chemical compounds and proteins to develop diagnostic methods, treatment, and prevention of disease. Human genome, gene regulation, expression in health and disease, and genetic engineering are important parts of Molecular Medicine. Within these categories, emerge the clinical and molecular genetics of inherited disorders as a major part.

It uses the means of molecular and cellular biology, biochemistry, genetics, and immunology to study genetic diseases and internal acquired diseases related to relevant genetic mutations as, for example, diabetes, allergies, blood disorders, aging, tumors, and congenital malformations which make this section of the medical sciences associates integrated with all other branches of medicine, while unique and specializes in Genetics and Inherited Diseases, Metabolic Diseases, Molecular Aspects of Infectious Diseases, Molecular Immunology and Haematology, Cancer Genetics, Pharmacogenetics, and Population Genetics.

Professor Moiz Bakhiet, Sudan/Sweden, M.D., Ph.D.