Genetic Counselling is a non-directive and non-judgmental communication process that confidentially deals with the human problems associated with the occurrence, or risk of occurrence of a genetic disorder in a family, and that provides accurate scientific and comprehendible information so that families can take their own decisions.

Genetic counselling services:

  • Counselling affected individuals and families having affected children with a congenital disorder.
  • Premarital counselling.
  • Preconception counselling.
  • Pre-screening / pretesting counselling.
  • Counselling regarding consanguinity.

Genetic counselling is proposing information in order to understand:

  • Diagnosis, management and prognosis.
  • Mode of inheritance.
  • Estimation of risks occurrence.
  • Options available for dealing with the risks (prenatal screening, prenatal diagnosis, pre-implantation diagnosis).
  • Options available to cope with the disorder (follow up, support groups).

Common indication for Genetic Counselling:

  • Family history of a hereditary condition.
  • Previous child with multiple congenital anomalies.
  • Previous child with mental retardation.
  • Previous child with an isolated birth defect.
  • History of miscarriages or still born babies.
  • Infertility.
  • Prenatal diagnosis for advance maternal age (over 35 years).
  • Infections during pregnancy.
  • Consanguinity.
  • Newly diagnosed abnormality or genetic condition.
  • Teratogen exposure (chemical, medications, etc.).
  • Two or more relatives who have had cancer at a young age.
  • Before undertaking genetic testing and after receiving results.
  • After a positive result for a screening tests (prenatal, newborn).